Kansas's Flag History
The Kansas state flag, adopted by the Kansas Legislature as the official state flag in 1927, is a rectangle of dark-blue silk with the state seal at its center, and first flown at Fort Riley by Governor Ben Paulin for the troops at Fort Riley and for the Kansas National Guard. Above the seal is the state crest, a sunflower resting on a twisted bar of blue and gold. The word "Kansas", added in 1961, is below the seal in gold, block lettering.
The history of the state is written in the flag. Thirty-four stars in the constellation on the state seal signify Kansas as the 34th state admitted to the Union. Above the stars is printed the state motto, "Ad Astra per Astera", Latin for "To the Stars through Difficulties".
Rolling hills identify the terrain near Fort Riley and a steamboat represents navigation when the Kansas River was used to deliver supplies to Manhattan and Fort Riley. Indians hunting bison, teams of oxen and a pair of prairie schooners suggest the advance of the frontier, while plowed fields before a log cabin represent agriculture.
The bar of twisted blue and gold that is part of the state crest represents the Louisiana Purchase. The sunflower, which appears as if it were "torn from its stalk", is the official state flower. It is said that the "open frankness of the sunflower is indicative of the fearlessness with which Kansas meets her problems and solves them".
The state flag is generally displayed with the U.S. flag. In any display of flags, the U.S. flag occupies the higher or most honored position. It is followed by the state flag and then by any city or society flags. The state flag should be the same size or smaller than the U.S. flag with which it is displayed.
Link here to the Kansas State Historical Society for facts, figures, and history of Kansas.